Malay Words of Sanskrit Origin

The Malay language is almost completely derived from Sanskrit, and the early litriture is predominantly based on the Ramayana and the Mahabaratha. Even today, a major portion of Malay vocabulary is made up of Sanskrit words. Today, when a Malay speaks a sentence of ten words, probably five to seven of them will be Sanskrit words and the remaining either of Arabic, Tamil, Hindi, English, Chinese, Persian or of some other origin.

Words such as putera, son; puteri, daughter; asmara, love; samudra, ocean; belantra, jungle; kenchana, gold; sukma, soul; and literally thousands of other words are all Skt. words, either in original or in modified form.

A

acara — "event; item in a programme"
Skt. acara, "by activities, behavior".
adakala — "sometimes"
Skt. kata-kāla, "for some time".
agama — "religion"
Skt. agama, "of the Vedas, inspired religious text".
aneka — "multifarious; varied; all sorts of"
Skt. aneka, "many, various".
anekaragam — "variety show"
Skt. aneka-rāgam, "various color".
anekawarna — "multi-coloured"
Skt. aneka-varṇa, "variety of color".
anggota — "limb, member"
Skt. ańga-jāḥ, "born from the body; limbs; member".
angkara — "insolence, cruel"
Skt. aham-kara, "ego; pride - maker".
angkasa — "space (beyond earth's atmosphere)"
Skt. ākāśa, "the sky".
angkasawan — "astronaut"
Skt. ākāśa]-vān, "the sky + having; possessing".
angsa — "goose"
Skt. haṃsa, "swan".
aniaya — "maltreatment; abuse; injustice; tyranny"
Skt. anyayā, "sinful activities, mischief".
antara — "among, (in) between"
Skt. antarā, "between, in the meantime".
anugerah — "award; honour; grace"
Skt. anugraha, "to bestow blessings; compassion".
asmara — "love"
Skt. smara, "of lust".
asrama — "hostel"
Skt. āśrama, "a religious hermitage".
atau — "or"
Skt. athavā, "alternatively; or; either".
alpa — "negligent"
Skt. alpa, "for a slight reason"
angka — "numerical figure"
Skt. anka, "numerical constant"
angsana — "Pterocarpus Indica (tree)"
Skt. asana, "Terminalia Tomen Indica (tree)"
antarabangsa — "international"
Skt. antarā-vaṃśa, "between + descendants"
asa — "hope"
Skt. āśa, "hope; expectation"

B

baca — "read"
Skt. vācā, "words; with a voice".
bagai — "as if; like"
Skt. bhagā, "whose good fortune".
bagi — "for; give"
Skt. bhāga, "(to) divide".
bahagi — "allot; distribute; divide"
Skt. bhāga, "divisions; portion".
bahagia — "blissful; lucky; blessed"
Skt. bhāgya, "of the good fortune;".
bahasa — "language"
Skt. bhāṣā, "language".
bahawa — "that (conj.)"
Skt. bhava, "become; state of being".
bahaya — "danger"
Skt. bhaya, "fear, danger".
bahu— "arm, shoulder"
Skt. bāhu, "arms".
baja — "seed"
Skt. bīja, "seed".
bakti — "homage, devotion, service"
Skt. bhakti, "devotion".
bala — "disaster; calamity"
Skt. bala, "by the strength; force".
bangsa — "race; nation"
Skt. vaṃśa, "of the dynasty; descendants; the spine;".
bangsawan — "noble"
Skt. vaṃśa-vān, "of the dynasty; + having; possessing".
basmi — "eliminate; destroy"
Skt. bhasmã, "reduce to ashes".
bayu — "wind"
Skt. vàyu, "wind".
belantara — "jungle"
Skt. vanàntara, "(interior of a) forest".
belia — "youth"
Skt. ba-lya, "childhood age".
berita — "news (same as warta)"
Skt. va-rta-, "event, news, topic, conversation".
bicara — "speak"
Skt. vicàra, "discussion".
baginda — "Majesty"
Skt. bhāgya, "part, good fortune + Austronesian suffix"
bahtera — "ship"
Skt. vahitra, "a boat, ship"
bahwasanya — "that (conj.)"
Skt. bhava, "being, state + ?"
baiduri — "opal (gem)"
Skt. vaidårya, "cat's eye (gem)"
balai — "hall of audience"
Skt. , ""
balatentera — "army"
Skt. balam-tantra, "the army + of the doctrine; the purport;"
bela — "defend"
Skt. velà, "time, death"
belaka — "merely"
Skt. bàlaka, "young"
belanja — "expense"
Skt. vala¤ja, "that which is spent"
bencana — "calamity"
Skt. và¤cana, "deception"
benda — "object"
Skt. bhàõóa, "goods"
bendahara — "treasurer (male)"
Skt. bhàõóàgàra, "treasure"
bendahari — "treasurer (female)"
Skt. id, ""
berahi — "passionate love"
Skt. virahin, "separated from one's beloved"
berhala — "image of a god"
Skt. bhaññàra, "lord"
bestari — "clever"
Skt. vistàrin, "extending"
biara — "monastery"
Skt. vihàra, ""
biasa — "habitual; usual; ordinary"
Skt. abhya-sa, "of the accumulated practice;"
biasiswa — "scholarship"
Skt. vyaya-iùya, ""
biayai — "expense, coats"
Skt. vyaya, "loss, expense"
bidadari — "nymph"
Skt. vidyàdharã, ""
bidan — "midwife"
Skt. vidvàn, "nom. masc. of Skr vidvant, wise"
bijak — "clever"
Skt. vicakùaõna, "clever"
bijaksana — "clever"
Skt. vicakùaõna, ""
biji — "seed"
Skt. bãja, ""
bila — "when"
Skt. vela-, "period"
binasa — "destroyed"
Skt. vinàsa, "destruction"
bisa — "venom; malice"
Skt. vis?a, "poisonous"
budaya — "culture"
Skt. buddhi, ""
budi — "kindness; good deed"
Skt. buddhi, "of intelligence;"
budiman — "wise"
Skt. buddhiman, "(nom. of buddhimant)"
bujangga — "scholar"
Skt. bhujanga, "snake"
bukti — "proof."
Skt. bhukti, "enjoyment"
bumi — "earth"
Skt. bhu-mi, "earth, of lands"
bumiputera — "son of the soil, native"
Skt. bhu-mi-putra, "earth + son"

C

cabai — "chilli pepper"
Skt. cavi, "Piper Chaba"
cahaya — "Light, radiance"
Skt. cha-ya, "shade"
cakra — "disk, sphere"
Skt. cakra, "disc, wheel}}##, "
cakrawala — "horizon"
Skt. cakravàla, "mythical mountain bordering the earth ([Puranas])"
candi — "ancient Hindu or Buddhist monument"
Skt. caõói, "name of Durga"
cara — "way, manner"
Skt. àcàra, "conduct"
cari — "look for"
Skt. càri, "moving around"
catur — "chess"
Skt. caturaïga, ""
cedera — "injured"
Skt. chidra, "cleft"
celaka — "mishap"
Skt. chalaka, "delusive"
cempaka — "Michelia Champaka (tree)"
Skt. campaka, ""
cendala — "low, outcaste"
Skt. caõóàla, ""
cendana — "sandal-wood"
Skt. candana, "cendekia"
cendera — "sweetheart"
Skt. candra, "moon"
cenderawasih — "bird of paradise"
Skt. candra, ""
ceria — "pure, spell"
Skt. caryà, "due observance"
cerita — "story"
Skt. carita, ""
cernah — "digested"
Skt. jãrõa, "old, digested"
cinta — "love"
Skt. cintà, "thought, care"
cipta — "create"
Skt. citta, "thought"
cita-cita}}##, "ideal"
Skt. citta, "thought"
citarasa — "taste; flavour"
Skt. citta, ""
citra — "picture"
Skt. citra, "multi-coloured"
cuci — "wash"
Skt. cuci, "clean [cf. suci]"
cuka — "vinegar"
Skt. cukra, ""
curiga — "suspect"
Skt. churikà, "knife [via Prk]"

D

dadih — "curd"
Skt. d/dadhi dadhi, "curd"
dahaga — "thirst"
Skt. dàha, "thirst"
dana — "gift; fund; donation"
Skt. dàna, "gift; charity; giving"
daru — "Urandra Corniculata (tree)"
Skt. dàru, "wood"
daya — "power; capacity; ability"
Skt. daya, "mercy"
delima — "pomegrenate"
Skt. dàlima, "pomegranate"
denda — "fine"
Skt. danda, "punishment"
dendam — "resentment"
Skt. danda, "punishment"
derhaka — "traitor"
Skt. drohaka, "traitor"
derita — "suffer"
Skt. dhàrita, "held, tolerated"
derma — "donation"
Skt. dharma, "duty, good deeds"
dermaga — "platform"
Skt. màrga, "road"
desa — "village"
Skt. desa, "place}}##, "
dewa — "deity"
Skt. deva, "god"
dewasa — "time, adult"
Skt. divasa, "day"
dewi — "deity"
Skt. devi, "goddess"
dina(-hina)"miserable"
Skt. dãna, ""
dosa — "sin"
Skt. doùa, ""
duka — "sorrow; sadness"
Skt. duhkha, " in distress, unhappiness"
dukacita — "sorrow"
Skt. duhkha-citta, ""
dusta — "lie"
Skt. dusta, "wicked"
duta — "envoy"
Skt. dåta, ""
dwi-"two, double"
Skt. dvi-, ""
dwibahasa — "bilingual"
Skt. dvi-bhàsà, ""

E

erti — "meaning"
Skt. artha, ""
esa — "one, only"
Skt. ãsa, "lord, iva"

F

G

gajah — "elephant"
Skt. gaja, "elephant"
gala — "resin"
Skt. gala, ""
ganda — "double"
Skt. ganda, "cheek"
gangsa — "bronze"
Skt. kamùa, "brass"
gembala — "shepherd"
Skt. gopàla, ""
gembira — "cheerful"
Skt. gambhãra, "deep"
gempa — "earthquake"
Skt. kampa, ""
gendala — "obstacle"
Skt. kandala, "portent"
gergaji — "saw"
Skt. krakaca, ""
gerhana — "eclipse"
Skt. grahaõa, ""
gua — "cave"
Skt. guha, ""
gula — "sugar"
Skt. gula, ""
guna — "utilize, use, purpose"
Skt. gunna, "by the modes, qualities"
guru — "teacher"
Skt. guruh, "spiritual master, teacher"

H

harga — "price"
Skt. argha, "value, price 40"
harim — "harim"
Skt. id, "unto the Lord"
harta — "property"
Skt. artha, "object, property etc."
hartawan — "rich"
Skt. artha-vān, "+ having; possessing"
hina — "low, despicable"
Skt. hãna, ""

I

irama — "rhythm"
Skt. virama, "pause, ceasura (in verse)"
istana — "palace"
Skt. àsthàna, "place in the interior of a palace [G. 119]"
isteri — "wife"
Skt. strã, "woman"
istimewa — "special"
Skt. àstàm eva, "thus be it! [G. 632]"

J

jaga — "awake, guard"
Skt. jagarti, "be awake, but via Prakrit, cf. Beng. jaga"
jala — "casting net"
Skt. jala, ""
jambu — "tree (Eugenia)"
Skt. jambu, ""
jampi — "incantation"
Skt. japa, ""
janda — "widow"
Skt. raõóa, ""
jasa — "service"
Skt. vyàsa, ""
jasa — "merit, service"
Skt. yasah, "wonderful activities, glories"
jati — "tree (Tectonia grandis)"
Skt. jàti, "tree (Jasminum grandiflorum)"
jawa — "Java(nese)"
Skt. yava, "barley, grain (via Prakrit java)"
jawi: [traditional] Malay"
Skt. yava, "barley, grain"
jaya — "victorious"
Skt. jaya, "victory"
jaya — "victory"
Skt. jaya, "victory, all glories"
jelata — "common"
Skt. janatà, "community"
jelita — "lovely"
Skt. lalita, ""
jelma — "incarnation"
Skt. janma, "birth"
jentera — "(spinning) wheel"
Skt. yantra, "instrument"
jiva — "living being, living entity"
Skt. jiwa, "(personal) soul"
juta — "million"
Skt. ayuta, "ten thousand"
jutawan — "very rich"
Skt. ayuta-vān, "ten thousand + having; possessing"

K

kaca — "glass, page"
Skt. kàca, "glass"
kacamata — "spectacles"
Skt. kàca, "glass"
kala — "length or period of time"
Skt. kāla, "time"
kalakini — "now"
Skt. k/kala kàla, "time"
kalau — "if"
Skt. k/kala kàla, "time"
kali — "time(s)"
Skt. k/kala kàla, "time"
kanta — "lens"
Skt. kànta, "sun-crystal"
kapas — "cotton"
Skt. karpàsa, ""
karma — "karma"
Skt. karma, "work, action"
karya — "achievement, work"kàrya"
Skt. karya, "duty, work; cf. kerja"
kasturi — "musk flower (k.o. hibiscus)"
Skt. kastårã, "musk"
kata — "word"
Skt. kathà, "story"
kati — "a hundred thousand"
Skt. koñi, "ten million"
kelahi — "quarrel"
Skt. kalaha, ""
Keling — "Indian"
Skt. kàlinga, "inhabitant of Kalinga, south Orissa, India"
keluarga — "family"
Skt. kula-varga, ""
kemboja — "tree (Plumeria Acuminata)"
Skt. kamboja, ""
kendi — "water-pitcher"
Skt. kuõóa, ""
kepala — "head"
Skt. kapàla, "cup, skull"
kerana — "because"
Skt. kàraõa, "cause"
keranda — "coffin"
Skt. karaõóa, "basket, box"
kerja — "work, oeuvre"
Skt. karya, "the work, the manifest products"
kesatria — "warrior, knight"
Skt. kùatriya, ""
ketika — "moment, when"
Skt. ghañikà, "hour (24 minutes)"
kian — "as much (many) as"
Skt. kiyan, "how much?"
kosakata — "vocabulary"
Skt. kosa, ""
kota — "town"
Skt. koña, "stronghold"
kuasa — "power"
Skt. vasa, ""
kumba — "pot"
Skt. kumbha, ""
kunci — "key"
Skt. kucikà, ""
kungkuma — "saffron"
Skt. kuïkuma, ""
kurnia — "mercy"
Skt. kàruõya, "compassion"
kusta — "leprosy"
Skt. kuùñha, ""

L

labu — "gourd"
Skt. alabå, ""
laksa — "ten thousand"
Skt. lakùa, ""
laksamana — "admiral"
Skt. lakùmaõa, "name of Rama's younger brother"
lawang — "cinnamon"
Skt. lavanga, "clove"
lela — "smart, elegant"
Skt. lãlà, "play"
lena — "(sleep) soundly"
Skt. lãna, "lying, vanished"
lencana — "badge"
Skt. làncana, ""
lingga — "lingga (symbol of Siva)"
Skt. liïga, ""
loba — "greedy"
Skt. lobha, "greed"
loka — "world"
Skt. loka, ""

M

madu — "honey, co-wife"
Skt. madhu, "honey"
maha — "great"
Skt. mahà, "greatest"
mahadewa — "Supreme God, iva"
Skt. m/maha mahà]+d/deva deva, "Supreme God"
mahadewi — "supreme goddess"
Skt. m/maha mahà]+d/devi devi, "Supreme Goddess"
mahaesa — "all-mighty"
Skt. mahà-īśa, "Supreme Lord"
mahaguru — "professor"
Skt. mahà-guru, "great teacher"
maharaja — "king"
Skt. maha+ràja, "great king"
maharajalela — "rage"
Skt. maharaja-lãlà, "king + play"
maharani — "queen"
Skt. mahàrani, ""
mahasiswa — "(male) student"
Skt. mahà-śiṣyā, "great-student"
mahasiswi — "(female) student"
Skt. mahà-śiṣyā, "great-student"
mahkota — "crown"
Skt. makuña, ""
mala — "stain; dirt"
Skt. mala, "dirty things;"
malapetaka — "calamity; disaster"
Skt. mahā-pātaka, "the resultant actions of greatly sinful activities;"
manakala — "when"
Skt. m/mana māna]-k/kala kàla, "in honor of time"
mani — "sperma"
Skt. m/mani mani, "pearls; gemlike"
manik — "bead, jewel"
Skt. m/mani mani, "jewel"
mantera — "spell, mantra"mantra"
Skt. mantra, "hymns, magical chants"
manusia — "man(kind), human"
Skt. manusya, "human beings"
mara — "danger"
Skt. màra, "death"
masa — "period"
Skt. màsa, "month"
masakini — "contemporary"
Skt. m/masa màsa, "month"
maya — "illusion"
Skt. m/maya màyà, ""
melaka — "Phyllanthos emblica (tree)"
Skt. malaka, "name of various plants"
melati — "jasmine"
Skt. màlàti, ""
menteri — "minister"
Skt. mantri, "counselor, adviser, the minister"
merdeka — "free"
Skt. maharddhika, "prosperous"
merdu — "soft, melodious"
Skt. mçdu, ""
merpati — "pigeon"
Skt. parapati, ""
mesra — "mixed"
Skt. misra, ""
mestika — "bezoar"
Skt. sphañikà, "crystal"
muka — "face, front"
Skt. m/mukha mukha, "face"
mula — "Beginning, start"mula"root, beginning, at the base"
Skt. mula, ""
mulai — "(counting) from"
Skt. måla, "root, beginning [+ suffix -i]"
mulia — "noble, excellency"
Skt. målya, "value"
murka — "angry (applied to a king)"
Skt. mårkha, "fool"
mutiara — "pearl string"
Skt. muktàhàra, ""

N

nada — "tone"
Skt. nàda, "sound"
nadi — "pulse"
Skt. nàdi, "artery"
naga — "mythical cobra"
Skt. nàga, ""
nama — "name"
Skt. nama, "name, known as"
negara — "state"
Skt. nagara, "city, state"
negeri — "city"
Skt. nagarī, "the city, town"
neraca — "balance"
Skt. nàràca, "scale"
neraka — "hell"
Skt. narakāḥ, "the hellish regions"
niaga — "trade"
Skt. vànijya, ""
nila — "indigo"
Skt. nīla, "bluish; sapphires"
nilam — "sapphire"
Skt. nīlam, "bluish;"
nira — "water"
Skt. nīra, "water"
nobat — "a famous music"
Skt. naubat, where nau and nava "nine", bah, "combine" — "combination of nine type of instruments"
nyana — "suppose"
Skt. jnàna, "knowledge"
nyata — "real, clear, evident"
Skt. niyata, "certain"

O

P

pada — "at, to"
Skt. pàda, "foot"
paduka — "(Your) Majesty"
Skt. pàduka, "sandal"
pahala — "merit, reward (for moral conduct)"
Skt. phala, "results of activities, fruits"
pakma — "Rafflesia (flower)"
Skt. pakùma, "eyelashes"
paksa — "force"
Skt. pakùa, "wing etc."
panca — "five"
Skt. pa¤ca, ""
pancaragam — "diverse"
Skt. pa¤ca, "five"
pandai — "clever"
Skt. pandita, "learned"
papa — "miserable"
Skt. pàpa, "bad, wicked"
para — ""param"
Skt. param, "far superior things"
pati — "essence"
Skt. pati
pelihara — "look after"
Skt. parihara, "immunity"
pencuri — "thief"
Skt. cora, ""
pendeta — "vicar"
Skt. paõóita, "scholar"
penjara — "jail"
Skt. pa¤jara, "cage"
percaya — "trust"
Skt. pratyaya, ""
perdana — "prime"
Skt. pradhàna, "principal"
perdanamenteri — "prime minister"
Skt. perdanamantri, ""
perdata — "civil (law)"
Skt. pradatta, "offered"
peribahasa — "proverb"
Skt. paribhàùà, "rule, maxim"
peribumi — "indigenous"
Skt. bhumi bhumi, "land, earth"
periksa — "examine"
Skt. pariksà, "examination"
peristiwa — "event"
Skt. prastàva, "occasion"
perkara — "affair"
Skt. perkàra, "manner"
perkasa — "courageous"
Skt. prakàsa, "bright"
permaisuri — "queen"
Skt. paramesvarã, ""
pertama — "first"
Skt. prathama, ""
pertiwi — "earth"
Skt. pçthivã, ""
perwira — "brave, officer"
Skt. pravãra, "hero"
peta — "map"
Skt. paña, "cloth"
petaka — "misfortune"
Skt. pàtaka, "crime, sin"
petala — "layer"
Skt. pàtàla, "(the seven strata of) hell"
prakata — "foreward"
Skt. prà-kathà, "pre- + story"
prasangka — "prejudice"
Skt. pra-saïkà, "pre- + care, suspicion"
puasa — "fast"
Skt. upavàsa, ""
puja — "worship"
Skt. puja, ""
puji — "worship"
Skt. puja, "worship"
pura — "city, kraton"
Skt. pura, "city"
purba — "former"
Skt. pårva, ""
purbakala — "ancient time"
Skt. pårvakàla, ""
purnama — "full moon"
Skt. pårõamà, ""
pusaka — "treasure"
Skt. pusaka, "treasure or heirloom"
puspa — "flower"
Skt. puùpa, ""
pustaka — "book"
Skt. pustaka, "books"
putera — "prince"
Skt. putra, "son"
puteri — "princess"
Skt. putri, "princess"

Q

R

raga — "basket; a kind of rattan ball; to show off"
Skt. ràga, "of reddish color; spontaneous love; passion"
ragam — "kind, colour"
Skt. ràgam, "color"
rahsia — "secret"
Skt. rahasya, "mysterious"
raja — "king"
Skt. raja, "the king"
rani — "queen"
Skt. rani, "the Queen"
raksasa — "giant, demon"
Skt. rākṣasaḥ, "the ignorant spirits; a man-eater"
rana — "suffering"
Skt. maraṇa, "death; because of the death"
rasa — "emotion, feeling; taste; opinion"
Skt. rasa, "taste; humor; in the mood"
reka — "to invent; to create; to design; to compose"
Skt. rekhà, ""
rencana — "plan"
Skt. racana, "arrangement; compilation"
restu — "blessing"
Skt. astu, "let there be; hypothetically granted;"
roma — "fine body hair"
Skt. roma, "body hair"
rosak — "broken, spoiled"
Skt. råkùa, "coarse, dirty"
rugi — "loss"
Skt. roga, "disease"
rupa — "form"
Skt. rūpa, "form; beauty"

S

sa — "with (prefix)"
Skt. sa, "with; along with; accompanied by"
sabda — "sound, word"
Skt. śabda, "sound"
sedaya — "to the extent possible"
Skt. sa-daya, "merciful; always"
sahaja — "natural"
Skt. sahaja, "natural, simple"
saja — "only"
Skt. sahaja, "natural"
saksama — "accurate"
Skt. sa-sama, ""
saksi — "witness"
Skt. sa-ks?i, "the witness, evidence"
sakti — "power"
Skt. s'akti, "energy, power"
sama — "same"
Skt. sama, "equal, level, unaltered"
samudra — "ocean"
Skt. samudra, "oceans and seas"
sandiwara — "theatre"
Skt. saümdhi, ""
sangka — "suppose"
Skt. saïkà, "doubt, fear"
sangsi — "doubt"
Skt. saünaya, ""
sari — "essence"
Skt. sàra, "core, essence"
sarjana — "scholar"sajjana"
Skt. sarja, "virtuous or wise man"
sastera — "literature"
Skt. sastram, "the scriptures"
sastra — "literature"
Skt. àstra, "handbook"
satria — "knight"
Skt. kùatriya, "warrior"
saudara — "brother or sister; relative; comrade"
Skt. saha-udaram-n, "male of same blood"; saha, "same, together, associated"; udaram, "blood"
saudari — "female relative or friend"
Skt. saha-udaram-i, "female of same blood"; saha, "same, together, associated"; udaram, "blood"
saya — "I (polite)"
Skt. swayam, "self, ownself"
sahabat — "companion"
Skt. sahabadi, "(Tamil) of persons with same objective, or friends"
sebentar — "at once"
Skt. avantara, "in-between"
sederhana — "simple"
Skt. sàdhàraõa, "common"
sedia — "ready"
Skt. sajja, "prepared"
sediakala — "formerly"
Skt. sajja-kàla, ""
segala — "whole, all"
Skt. sakala, "which includes all"
segera — "quick"
Skt. sãghra, ""
sejagat — "all"
Skt. sakala-jagat, "of all the universe"
sejahtera — "prosperous"
Skt. sàdhya, "celestial beings"
sekali — "once, very"
Skt. sakala, "once"
seksa — "torment"
Skt. sikùà, "punishment"
selenggara — "organize"
Skt. sàlaükàra, "adorned"
selesma — "flu"
Skt. sleùma, "mucus"
seloka — "phrase"shloka"
Skt. verse, ""
semadi — "meditation"
Skt. samàdhi, ""
semasa — "during"
Skt. màsa, "month, time"
sementara — "temporary"
Skt. samanantara, "just following"
semesta — "all"
Skt. samasta, ""
sempurna — "perfect"
Skt. sampårõa, ""
semua — "all"
Skt. samåha, "multitude"
semuka — "(someone with) the same face"
Skt. mukha, "face"
semula — "original"
Skt. måla, "root"
senantiasa — "always"
Skt. nityasas, ""
sendi — "joint, sinew"
Skt. sandhi, ""
sengketa — "conflict"
Skt. saüketa, ""
sengsara — "suffering"
Skt. sam´sara, "material bondage"
senja — "sunset"
Skt. sàüdhya, ""
senjata — "weapon"
Skt. saüyatta, "come into conflict"
sentosa — "tranquil"
Skt. saütoùa, "satisfaction"
seragam — "uniform"
Skt. ràga, "colour [via Tam]"
serangga — "insect"
Skt. sàraïga, "variegated"
serasi — "harmonious"
Skt. rà÷i, "heap"
serba — "omni-"
Skt. sarva, "all"
serbaneka — "various"
Skt. sarva-aneka, "all"
seri — "splendour"
Skt. srã, "divine, fortune"
seribumi — "heliotrope"
Skt. ÷rã, ""
serigala — "wolf"
Skt. sçgàla, "jackal"
seroja — "lotus"
Skt. saroja, ""
serta — "with, and"
Skt. sàrtha, "company "
seteru — "enemy"
Skt. id., ""
setia — "loyal , faithful"
Skt. satya, "true, loyal"
sewa — "rent"
Skt. sevà, "service"
sila — "moral principle"
Skt. ֋la, "virtue"
singa — "lion"
Skt. siüha, ""
singgasana — "throne"
Skt. siühàsana, "lion throne"
siswa — "pupil"
Skt. ÷iùya, ""
stupa — ""
Skt. ståpa, ""
suami — "husband"
Skt. svàmi, "lord"
suara — "voice"
Skt. svara, "sound"
suasana — "atmosphere"
Skt. suvasana, "good seat"
suci — "sacred"
Skt. ÷uci, "pure [cf. cuci]"
sudah — "already"
Skt. ÷uddha, "cleared, acquitted"
sudi — "well-disposed"
Skt. ÷uddhi, "acquittal"
suka — "like; enjoy"
Skt. sukha, "happiness"
sukacita — "glad; happy; cheerful"
Skt. sukha-citta, "happiness + of the heart;"
sukarela — "voluntary"
Skt. sukha, "pleasure"
sukaria — "happy"
Skt. sukha, "happiness, pleasure"
sunyi — "deserted"
Skt. ֌nya, "empty, void"
supaya — "in order that"
Skt. upàya, "means"
surga — "heaven"
Skt. svarga, ""
surga — "heaven"
Skt. svarga, "heaven, the heavenly planets"
suria — "sun"
Skt. surya, "the sun"
susila — "virtuous"
Skt. su֋la, ""
sutera — "silk"
Skt. sutra, "silk"
swasta — "private"
Skt. svastha, "relying on oneself"

T

tabik — "good-bye"
Skt. ksàntavya, "pardon"
tadi — "a moment ago"
Skt. tada, "at that time; then"
tala — "well-tuned"
Skt. tàla, "musical measure"
tapa — "asceticism"
Skt. tapas, ""
tata — "system; order"
Skt. tata, "order"
tatabahasa — "grammar"
Skt. tata-bha-sa, "language rules"
tatkala — "when"
Skt. tat-kàla, "that-time; in that duration of time;"
teka — "guess"
Skt. tarka, "conjecture"
telaga — "pond"
Skt. taóàga, ""
tembaga — "copper"
Skt. tàmra, ""
tentera — "army; military; troops"
Skt. tantra, "the purport;"
tetapi — "but; yet; even if; in spite of"
Skt. tatha-api / tatha-pi, "as well as; + also = Nonetheless; but still"
topi — "hat"
Skt. topi, "hat"

U

ucap — "say"
Skt. uvaca, "said"
udara — "air"
Skt. udàra, "high"
umpama — "example"
Skt. upama, "comparison; analogy"
upacara — "ceremony"
Skt. upaca-ra, "of offerings"
upaya — "means; ways; ability"
Skt. upa-ya, "the means; of processes"
usaha — "effort"
Skt. utsa-ha, "enthusiasm"
usia — "age"
Skt. àyuùya, "longevity"
utama — "main; chief; special; most important"
Skt. uttama, "highly situated; topmost"
utara — "north"
Skt. uttara, "upper, above"
utas — "explain"
Skt. uttara, "reply"

V

W

wacana — "discussion"
Skt. vacana, "statement"
wangsa — "dynasty"
Skt. vam÷a, "family"
wanita — "lady"
Skt. vanita, "woman"
warganegara — "citizen"
Skt. varga-nagara, "member-town"
waris — "heir"
Skt. waris, "heir"
warna — "color"
Skt. varna, "color"
warta — "news (same origin as berita)"
Skt. varta, "news, topic, conversation"
wartawan — "journalist"
Skt. vçtta-vān, "event + having; possessing"
wasangka — "suspicion"
Skt. saïkà, "doubt"
wibawa — "authority"
Skt. vibhava, ""
wicara — "hurt, cut +"
Skt. vicàra, "reflection"
wijaya — "victory"
Skt. vijaya, ""
wira — "hero"
Skt. vãra, ""
wisma — "hostel"
Skt. vesma, "dwelling"

X

Y

yayasan — "foundation"
Skt. yayas, "glory"
yoga — ""
Skt. yoga, ""

Z

References

Bibliography
1. [http://dictionary.bhanot.net] — "MALAY-ENGLISH DICTIONARY"
2. VedaBase.Net, Bhaktivedanta VedaBase Network
3. [http://seasrc.th.net/indic/inbyskt.htm] Sanskrit Loan Words in Indonesian / Malaysian, Maintained by Doug Cooper at CRCL

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