The cosmos follows one cycle within a framework of cycles. It may have been created and reach an end, but it represents only one turn in the perpetual kalachakra, "wheel of time", which revolves infinitely through successive cycles of manifestation and dissolution. Within this cycle of manifestation and dissolution of the universe, the atman (the Self) also undergoes its own version of cycle called samsara, the cycle of rebirth in which individual Self are repeatedly reincarnated.
For the srishti (creations) of anything three causes are required to be fulfilled: Material cause, instrumental cause and supporting cause. In Creation, Brahman is all of these three causes. He evolves Himself into Mulaprakriti or primordial matter.
There are two types of srishti (creations), samashti srishti, aggregate creation and vyashti srishti, individual creation — the creation of mahat out of prakriti, of ahankara and the 10 indriyas of knowledge and karma, of panchabhutas and subtle elements. All these are called aggregate creation. This is how the world or the universe was created. The further creation of human beings, animals, trees and plants is called individual creation.
The Four Yugas
There are 4 ages in which we keep circulating one after another.
Satya Yuga: The age of the truth and true religion. Everyone in the world is truthful and follower of the only religion in the world, the Vedic religion. The yuga (age) lasts 1.728 million years and the lifespan of humans is up to 100,000 years.
Treta Yuga: The introduction of ignorance takes place in this age. The Vedic religion is the only one in the world. The yuga (age) lasts 1.296 million years and the lifespan of humans is up to 10,000 years.
Dvapara Yuga: Increased decline in the truth and religious values takes effect in this age. The Vedic religion is the only one in the world. The yuga lasts 864,000 years and the lifespan of humans is 1,000 years.
Kali Yuga: The age of irreligion and ignorance. There is complete decline in religious principles. In the first few thousand years there are many religions, which will gradually completely disappear from the face of the Earth one by one. Only the Vedic religion will survive, but there will be very few followers. By 15,000 years into Kali Yuga, 99.9% of the humans in the world will become atheistic. Things will get so bad in Kali Yuga such that parents will eat their own children. The yuga lasts 432,000 years and the life span of humans is up to 100 years.
We are currently 5000 years into Kali Yuga.
The Lifespan of the Universe
The total lifespan of the Universe is 311 trillion and 40 Billion years. This Universe is 155.522 trillion years old and it will end in 155.518 trillion years time. This calculation is based on the life of Brahma.
There are millions of Universes with millions of Planets, with living beings. This Planet Earth is simply a drop in the ocean of Planets.
All Universes have life, are closed, of different size and properties.
During the lifetime of each Universe, there are partial srishti (creations) and pralaya (annihilation). At the beginning of each day of Brahma there is creation and at the end of each day there is partial annihilation. One day of Brahma is 4.32 Billion years; the night is also of the same duration. We are currently half way through the current day of Brahma, thus we have existed for approximately 2.16 Billions years in the current small cycle.
There are 8.4 million species of living beings in the whole of creation.
- 900,000 species of aquatic
- 2,000,000 species of plants
- 1,100,000 species of insects
- 1,000,000 species of birds
- 3,000,000 species of beasts
- 400,000 species of human beings
Not all these species are present on this planet.
Age of this Universe and Humans.
This Universe has existed for 155.522 trillion years and this is just in the current cycle of creation and annihilation. Before this cycle there were countless other cycles and after this cycle which will end in 155.518 trillion years time. There will be countless other cycles. The cycle of creation and annihilation is based on the life of Brahma, the engineer of the Universe. At the beginning of each day of Brahma, he creates everything in this Universe and then at the end of each day, there is partial annihilation Each day (12 hours) of Brahma is 4.32 billion years. Brahma lives for 311 trillion and 40 billion years, after this time there is complete annihilation of this Universe and the current Brahma dies. Then there is another Brahma and cycle repeats itself. This Universe is the smallest in Gods creation. There are other Universes, which are thousands and even millions of times bigger than this Universe.
There is a vast difference between the teachings of the Vedic scriptures and non-Vedic scriptures. The Vedic scriptures are eternal and the Vedic knowledge comes from God himself. The fact that the Vedic scriptures are the oldest on the Planet proves that it’s the absolute truth.
Age of World
EVAM VIDDYE RAHAU RATRAIH KAAL GATYOP LAKSHITAIH,
APAKSHITAMI VASYAPI (BRAHMANAH) PARMAPURVAYAH SHATAM.
YADARDHA MAYUSHASTASYA PARARDHAM BHIDHIYATE,
PURVAH PARARDHO UPKRANTO HRIYARODYA PRAVARTATE.
MEANING — Lord Brahma's age is 100 years. He has already crossed the first parardha (50 years) and entered the second one. The process of creation begins simultaneously with lord Brahma's day. At the end of the day night starts and which is of same duration. One day of Brahma (constituting of day and night) is equal to a KALPA of mortal world. There is a shloka in MANUSMRITI, which gives equation between a Kalpa (Brahma's day) and Chaturyugas or divine years. The shloka is as follows —
DEVIKANAM YUGANAM TU SAHASTRAM PARISANKHYAYAA,
BRAHMA MEKAM HAGYEYAM TAVATIM RATRIMEVA CHA.
MEANING — A Kalpa (day of Brahma) is equal to 1000 divine years or Chaturyugas. The night descends at the end of his day and its duration is same as the day.
A day of Brahma is equivalent to one Kalpa which itself consists of 14 manvantaras as mentioned below —
- Daksha Savarnik,
- Brahm Savarnik,
- Dharma Savarnik,
- Rudra Savarnik,
- Rudra Savarnik,
- Indra Savarnik.
Presently the seventh manvantara — Vaivaswat is running and there are seven more manvantars to go.
Now, ONE MANVANTAR = 1000/14 DIVINE YEARS OR CHATURYUGAS= 71.42 CHATURYUGAS
The fractional expression that has come in the above division symbolizes what sages have called SANDHIKAAL- the intermediary period between two manvantars when the world is devoid of any creation. A sandhikaal constitutes of 4800 divine years, which is also the duration of Satyayuga. So, while calculating the age of the earth we can not overlook this aspect. Now, coming to the calculation part—
TOTAL PERIOD OF MANVANTAR = 14 x 71 = 994 CHATURYUGAS
PERIOD OF SANDHIKAAL =4800 x 15 = 72000 DIVINE YEARS = 6 CHATURYUGAS (since one chaturyuga= 1200 divine years)
The duration of each of the four yugas has been clearly described in the Mahabharata (188 / 22-26), which is as follows—" The duration of Satya yuga is 4800 divine years inclusive of 800 divine years of Sandhya and Sandhyansh periods. Treta yuga consists of 3600 divine years inclusive of 600 divine years of Sandhya and Sandhyansh periods. In the same manner Dwapar yuga consists of 2400 divine years inclusive of 400 divine years of Sandhya and Sandhyansh periods, while Kaliyuga consists of 1200 divine years inclusive of 100 divine years of Sandhya and Sandhyansh periods respectively.
Therefore a CHATURYUGA consists of 12000 (4800+ 3600+2400+1200 ) divine years. MANUSMRITI gives an equation between a divine year and the year of our mortal world in just one shloka—-
DEVA RATRAHANI VARSH PRAVIBHAGASTYOH PUN,
AHASTA TRODA GAYANAM RATRIH SYAD DAKSHINAYANAM.
MEANING— A divine day (including night) is equal to one year of this mortal world. The period during which Sun is north of equinox or uttarayan is the day time of the deities while the period during which Sun is south of equinox or Dakshinayan is their night time. So, after minute calculations our ancient sages arrived at the following conclusions—
- Brahma has already completed his 15'th year as well as 6 manvantars and 7 sandhikaal of his first day. (The earth is supposed to have come into existence on the first day of Brahma)
- Till date 27 manvantars alongwith their Sandhikaals have already passed.
- The three Yugas namely Satya, Treta and Dwapar of the present Manvantar, which is 28'th in order have already passed.
- We are presently in 2059 year according to Vikram Samvat calendar, which implies that we are in fact running in the 5102'nd year of the Kaliyuga. Now coming back to the final calculation—
1. 6 MANVANTAR = 6 x 71CHATURYUGAS = 6 x 71 x 1200 DIVINE YEARS = 5,112,000 DIVINE YEARS.
THEIR SEVEN SANDHIKAALS = 4800x 7= 33,600 DIVINE YEARS
2. 27 CHATURYUGAS OF THE 7'TH MANVANTAR= 1200x 27 DIVINE YEARS = 324 000 DIVINE YEARS
3. 3 YUGAS HAVE ALREADY PASSED THAT MEANS 4800 + 3600 + 2400 = 10,800 DIVINE YEARS
WHEN ALL THE THREE DATAS GIVEN ABOVE ARE ADDED= 5,112,000 + 33,600 + 324,000 + 10,800 DIVINE YEARS = 5,480,600 DIVINE YEARS.
SINCE ONE DIVINE DAY IS EQUAL TO ONE YEAR OF THIS WORLD WHICH ACCORDING TO INDIAN ASTROLOGY CONSISTS OF 360 DAYS THEREFORE WHEN DIVINE YEARS ARE MULTIPLIED WITH IT THEN WE GET 5480600 x 360 = 1,972,949,069 YEARS OF THIS WORLD.
WHEN WE ADD 5102 YEARS OF THE KALIYUGA THEN WE GET 1972949069 + 5102= 1,972,949,102 YEARS OF THIS WORLD.
NOTE- ACCORDING TO HINDU BELIEF KALIYUGA STARTED 5102 YEARS AGO.
THIS WAY WE COME TO THE CONCLUSION THAT THE EARTH CAME INTO EXISTENCE 1,972,949,102 YEARS AGO WHICH IS VERY CLOSE TO WHAT SCIENTISTS HAVE DISCOVERED IN THE MODERN AGE THAT IS 1,980,000,000 YEARS.
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