Vyākaraṇa Vedanga

Vyākaraṇa Vedanga or Vyākaraṇa Shastra (Sanskrit: "grammar") — auxiliary Vedic texts on Sanskrit grammar. Vyakarana is among four linguistic skills taught for mastery of the Vedas and the rites of yagna. The term literally means "separation, or explanation." The most celebrated Vyakarana work is Panini's 4,000-sutra Ashtadhyayi, which set the linguistic standards for classical Sanskrit.

Words by themselves may not mean much, unless there are set rules as to their usage and more rules for their usage in combinations, forming sentences. Vyakarana performs the important function of imparting significance to Veda Vakyas. For each Shastra, there is a bhashya (just as there is the Sri Bhashya for Brahmasutras). The greatness of the Vyakarana Vedanga would be evident when we note that its bhashya is known simply as the "Maha Bhashya" (authored by Patanjali Rishi, based on the Sutras of Panini).



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